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PMS Premenstrual Tension

PMS Premenstrual Tension

PMS is a female disorder characterised by a set of hormonal changes that trigger disruptive symptoms for up to two weeks prior to menstruation. Often symptoms tend to taper off with menstruation and women remain symptom-free until the two weeks or so prior to the next menstrual period.

An estimated three of every four menstruating women experience some form of premenstrual syndrome.

PMS is more likely to trouble women between their late 20s and early 40s, and they tend to recur in a predictable pattern. Yet the physical and emotional changes experienced with premenstrual syndrome may be particularly intense in some months and only slightly noticeable in others.


  • Mood swings
  • Irritability
  • Anxiety and tension
  • Bloating
  • Breast tenderness & swelling
  • Water retention
  • Acne
  • Tiredness
  • Weight gain
  • Headaches/migraines
  • Crying spells
  • Depression
  • Sugar and food cravings
  • Constipation
  • Dizziness

Underlying causes

Hormonal havoc – The menstrual cycle is run by a delicate balance between the female sex hormones oestrogen and progesterone. If the relative levels of these hormones become disrupted PMS can result. High Oestrogen is associated with weight gain, breast tenderness, headaches, dizziness, confusion, insomnia, anxiety and bloating. Whereas high progesterone can lead to moodiness, irritably, breast tenderness, and muscle aches. Imbalance in female hormones can be detected with A Comprehensive Female Hormone Panel. Smart Nutrition can also put together a specific diet and supplement plan to help redress the balance and reduce PMS.

Imbalanced blood sugar – A diet high in sugars and refined foods can make us feel great one minute and really low the next. This can lead to uncontrollable mood swings, irritability, cravings and fatigue, so it is hardly surprising that blood sugar problems can exacerbate PMS! Luckily a qualified nutritionists can give you expert advice on the practical diet changes to balance out the rollercoaster and calm your cravings and mood swings. Book A Consultation.

Stress – Stress leads to high levels of the adrenal hormone cortisol. In excess, cortisol can stimulate feelings of irritability, anger and rage. In addition, cortisol and progesterone compete for common receptors on the cells, so when cortisol levels are high progesterone can’t properly communicate with cells. This impairment of progesterone activity leads to an effective excess of oestrogen with all the familiar PMS symptoms. High cortisol levels also interfere with blood sugar levels leading to the problems mentioned above. If you think stress may be contributing to your PMS, An Adrenal Stress Test can help pinpoint precise imbalances. 

Nutrient deficiencies – Certain vitamins and minerals are needed to keep hormones levels even, maintain fluid balance and control blood sugar levels. A poor diet, stressful lifestyle or use or certain medication can lead to nutrient deficiencies. This can greatly exacerbate the symptoms and causes of PMS. Vitamin and mineral deficiencies can be identified using a simple test. Smart Nutrition could then advise you on dietary changes and suitable supplements to help replace lacking nutrients and temper your PMS symptoms. NutrEval MOT Health Test.